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The Essential First Aid Course, Part 1: Cpr

What is first aid?

First aid is the preliminary care given to injured individuals to reduce the chances of permanent damage and to bridge the period between the actual injury and the point wherein proper medical care can be given to the patient.

Knowing first aid can easily save other peoples lives. All survivalists, regardless of their background and professions, should know first aid techniques.

During a disaster, one or more members of your family may require medical help for minor injuries such as wounds, breathing problems, unconsciousness due to trauma, etcl .

A full first aid course or seminar will be able to provide you with live demonstrations of first aid techniques.

What is cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)?

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a first aid technique that helps maintain open and functioning airways and a beating heart. There are some incidents wherein a person will fall unconscious and he will not be able to breathe and his heart will stop beating (e.g. cardiac arrest).

CPR can help revive such a person and can also reduce the damage associated with breathing problems and cardiac anomalies that cause the heart to stop beating, even for a short period of time.

How can you apply CPR to a seemingly nonresponsive patient?

There is a step-by-step process that you need to follow to ensure that you will be able to provide CPR and preliminary care as safely as possible to an unconscious/unresponsive person. Failure to follow the basic outline for CPR can put you or the patient in danger.

Step 1: Assess the Situation

How can you perform proper assessment?

You must not rush to an unconscious individual without first checking your surroundings.

The person administering the first aid must also be safe; do not put yourself in the direct path of danger as this will only make things more complicated if you end up being injured yourself.

If there is too much risk in approaching an unconscious individual, do not attempt to give that person CPR anymore. Leave the situation to emergency personnel as they have more training and experience.

Step 2: Establish Responsiveness

How can you establish the responsiveness of the victim/patient?

If the scene has been assessed as safe, approach the patient/victim carefully and examine his physical condition.

If you suspect spine or neck injury, do not move the patient as this may cause further damage. Shaking or changing the position of a person with potential spinal injury can also cause more problems

Ask the patient, Are you okay? This may not work immediately if the patient is shocked for some reason, so repeat the question and vary the volume of voice until you get a response.

If you do not get any type of response after a full minute, the patient is definitely unconscious and should be treated as such.

Step 3: Make the Patient Comfortable

How can you make a patient more comfortable?

Maintaining a high level of comfort is essential when providing first aid to an injured and unconscious individual. Loosen the persons clothes, including any ties or belts he might be wearing. Remove the persons shoes, bracelets, necklaces, etc. to enhance overall circulation to the extremities.

If the patient does not seem to have any spine or neck issues, lift his arm lightly and turn him to one side so that his cheek is rested on the ground. This is called the recovery position and it is highly recommended if the person is breathing normally but is unable to rise.

Step 4: Apply CPR If Needed

When do you know that CPR is needed?

There are two things you need to ascertain: the patients breathing and pulse.

Observe the persons chest to see if it is rising and falling. You can also put the back of your fingers close to the patients mouth or nostrils to detect air movement.

If none of these tests produce a positive result, gently tilt the patients head back and lower his jaw to check for any breathing obstructions. Pinch his nose lightly and breathe into his mouth twice.

If the person begins coughing or gasping, stand back and let him recover. In the event that the initial respiratory aid doesnt produce any response, continue breathing into the victims mouth every 5-10 seconds to see if he recovers and begins breathing on his own.

Next, check the victims pulse. If there is no pulse, find the centermost point of the ribcage and apply chest compressions. Your fingers should be gently laced together when applying pressure to the chest.

Aim to press down about 5 centimeters for each downward stroke. Each set of chest compressions should have 10-15 repetitions. Provide respiratory resuscitation if needed. Continue checking the persons vital signs as you continue applying CPR.

Do Car Accident Claims Go To Court?

Do You Need to Go to Court to Claim Compensation?

When someone is involved in a motor car accident that is not their fault they will want to make sure they get whatever compensation and help with resulting costs that they are entitled to. One question that many people ask is whether their claim will need to go to Court. The answer to this depends upon several factors, but the actual process of making a claim is a legal one and will almost certainly start with what is called issuing proceedings in the Courts to make a claim for compensation, which is also referred to as a claim for damages. Whether the claimant will need to go to Court to give evidence is another matter, but this can usually be determined at an early point in the process by a specialist solicitor such as WINWales.

What Has to Happen to Go to Court?

The solicitor acting for someone who is seeking compensation will first write to the driver who caused the accident, making it clear that the victim they represent is seeking compensation. It is unlikely that this alone will result in the drivers insurance company agreeing to make a settlement and so the driver making the claim must take legal action to ensure that the matter is properly considered and any compensation due to the injured driver is paid; this means taking the matter before the Courts.


To get a claim for compensation heard by a Court legal proceedings must be issued. This process involves completing a number of documents and gathering together evidence, including medical evidence of injuries sustained, to support the claim for compensation. This process can be quite complicated and most people making a claim engage a solicitor to do it for them.

How Quickly do Legal Proceedings Need to be Issued?

It is always best to issue proceedings as soon as possible but the current law states that a claimant has three years in which to issue proceedings. This period can be extended, however, if certain conditions are met such as a claimant suffering injuries that affect their mental capacity; by how long the period can be extended will depend upon the debilitating effects of the injuries.

The three-year period can also be extended if the claimant was under the age of eighteen when the accident happens; they will have until they are 21 years old to issue proceedings for a claim. If a claimant does not know they have been injured straight away after an accident, then the three-year period can be extended. A solicitor can make an application to have the three-year period extended but it is rare for the Courts to do so.

Does the Claimant Always Have to Give Evidence in Court

In most cases, no. Although it will have been necessary to issue legal proceedings to get the case before the Courts once the evidence to support a claim has been considered by the insurance company of the driver against whom the claim is being made they can agree to make a settlement without further Court hearings. Alternatively, it may be that the Court can make a decision based on the evidence submitted without having to hear from witnesses such as the person making the claim.

Omron Device - Best Device To Measure Hypertension

If your doctor has told you that you need to monitor your blood pressure to ensure your good health, you may be interested in using an Omron wrist blood pressure monitor. Hypertension is a serious condition, and your doctor may prescribe medication as well as lifestyle changes to help you bring your blood pressure down to a more healthy level. Having your own device enables you to keep track of your blood pressure on a regular basis in the comfort of your home whenever it is convenient for you.

Omron device - Best device to measure hypertension

With an Omron device, you won't have to go to your doctor's office or use the free blood pressure machine at your local pharmacy whenever you want to take a reading. A portable unit is also convenient when you want to measure your blood pressure while you are on the go. For example, you could take a reading in the middle of the day while you are at work, before and after exercising at the local gym, or while you are on the road for business or during a vacation. Your physician may instruct you to take your blood pressure at various times during the day. You might need to take readings in the morning shortly after waking up, before bedtime, or following periods of stress or anger. If you practice relaxation techniques such as meditation, you can see if your blood pressure drops in response. If you notice that your blood pressure decreases after you close your eyes and think peaceful thoughts, you may be encouraged to relax on a regular basis.

An Omron wrist blood pressure monitor fits over your wrist like a watch. When you want to take a reading, you simply turn the device on. It automatically inflates and begins measuring your blood pressure, and provides the results on a digital display. Omron's monitor fits wrists ranging from 5 inches to 8 inches in circumference. The device runs on two AAA batteries, which you can replace. It measures 2 inches by 2 1/8 inches by 1 3/8 inches, making it suitable to store in a briefcase, purse or gym bag. The device weighs about five ounces without the batteries.

Depending on what Omron model you get, your device may store your latest readings in its memory, which you can review to see how your blood pressure is doing. Your physician may instruct you to keep a written log of your blood pressure, noting the date and time for each reading, along with details such as whether you were exercising or what your emotional state was. You can then more easily detect patterns in your blood pressure readings, and then share this information with your doctor at your next visit.

When Should I Take My Vitamins?

It is fair to say that most of us lack a good healthy diet in our routines. This might not be an issue in the short term, but in the bigger scheme of things, unhealthy diet can lead to several adverse effects. What basically happens is that you lose vital nutrients when eating unhealthy, which ultimately leads to an insufficient amount in your body for it to function properly.

A great way to overcome these nutrient deficiencies is by taking multivitamins. They allow you to take in vitamins and minerals that help cater important nutrients to your body. However, one important thing is to know the best time of day to take vitamins. In this article, we will discuss at what times of the day should you take your vitamins and why.

Early in the morning

One of the best times of the day to take vitamins is early in the morning. There are several reasons why this practice helps your body address its nutrient deficiency. First off, early morning is the time when your body needs nutrients and energy more than any other time of the day.

Vitamin B supplements are the best to take at this time. In order to achieve the best results, you should take such Vitamins at least half an hour before you have your breakfast. As for the breakfast, have something that gives you a fair dose of protein. This will help the vitamins to be easily digested with your breakfast.


  • Such vitamins should only be taken on an empty stomach. Make sure you don’t take them during or soon after any meals.
  • Vitamins like Vitamin b-12 might affect your sleep, so it is better not to take them before you go to bed.

Vitamins with meals

While some vitamins are better off taken before meals, others are good when taken during the meals. Vitamins like Vitamin C and Vitamin B-Complex offer your body great amounts of nutritional value and therefore are great when taken along with meals, especially during a breakfast. Fruits are some of the best sources of Vitamin C while several supplements are also available in the market that cater this requirement.


  • Different vitamins have different natures. Nutrients like Vitamin C and Vitamin E are good when taken along with different meals. Therefore to enhance their effectiveness, take them only during or soon after meals rather than having them on an empty stomach.

Taking vitamins regularly

Most people only tend to care about the best time of day to take vitamins rather than the best vitamins to be taken throughout the day. It is important to understand here that not all vitamins are required by your body every day. While some are excreted from your body on a daily basis, others remain in your fat cells for more than just a day.

Vitamins like C and B-Complex are water soluble, which means they don’t remain in your body through the day and must be taken along with meals to make sure your body does not go deficient of them. On the other hand, it is better to limit the intake of Vitamins like A, D, or K to alternate days. 




Reviews Of Different Nootropics: Best Nootropics Supplements That You Should Consider

The rate at which nootropics supplements are flooding the market each day, means that consumers are overwhelmed with the choices available. If you don't know what these supplements are all about, then its best you know that they are taken for the purposes of boosting the brains performance.In a nutshell, the benefits of nootropics supplements include but are not limited to: enhanced memory, learning, focus, concentration, mental energy, clarity of thought, etc. Bearing in mind that there are so many options when choosing the best nootropics supplement, means consumers must look at the reviews of different nootropics before making their choice. Here some of the best nootropics products that you should consider.

This is one of the most solid nootropics products available for sale. Noopept is an impressive brain supplement is effective in boosting your memory, overall mood, learning capacity, logical thinking, and many other cognitive elements.The drug works by stimulating the AMPA,NDMA, and Nicotinic receptors found in the brain. As a result, neurotransmitters such as glutamate, dopamine and serotonin experience increased activity. Causing you to feel mentally sharp


This is one of those brain supplements that will increase, your mental energy, learning capacity, concentration, focus, and attention span.The drug is essentially an upgrade of the original nootropic known as piracetam. It works by enhancing Acetylcholine receptors in the brain to boost the brain;s cognitive performance.However, the drug does not affect your mood or anxiety levels.Its 100% bio available due to the fact that it fat-soluble.


Modafinil is one of the strongest nootropics in the market. The brain supplement is mainly used to treat sleep disorders like sleep apnea. The drug is known for promoting alertness and mental focus. Shift workers like doctors or nurses are known users of these supplements. Modafinil is a prescription drug, so you might want to consult with the doctor first.


Adrafinil is a powerful brain supplement known for its ability to increase mental energy. The supplements work like modafinil in that it increases the mental concentration, and focus of users. It usually, used as wakefulness agent and used primarily by workers who typically work in shifts.You need the permission of a doctor, as its a prescription drug.

Other popular nootropics that you should also consider

Other notable nootropics that can enhance your cognitive performance include: Sulbutiamine, phenylpiracetam, aniracetam, 5-HTP, Huperzine A, Choline, etc.Ultimately, it is crucial that you check out reviews of various nootropics before you spend money on a given brain supplement.