The founder of the Transcendental Meditation Organisation was Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. He taught and promoted his training program to millions of people across the globe. This kind of meditation originated from the Vedic tradition in India several thousands years ago. Its teachings were transferred orally from teacher to student and further on.
Nowadays, it is taught one-on-one by certified teacher. It is practiced for 20 minutes twice a day with no specific sitting posture and with the eyes being closed. The spontaneous way of our minds path is something that needs to be followed without any effort. Also, on this path, we dont use our senses, perceptions and experiences. It relies on the natural way of our mind to reach more quieter and pleasurable levels and, at one point to transcend them and experience the pure consciousness or in other words, the source of everything. This is also the space of a deep rest and all possibilities.
Practicing this technique does not involve high concentration, focus, any kind of belief systems or mindfulness. In scientific terms, it is called automatic self-transcending and it is associated with the production of the alpha brain waves that make us alert, but restful at the same time. There are many studies that show the health and well-being benefits of different types of meditations and it is also the case with the mentioned one. It improves the connections between the front and back, right and left brain. It reduces the stress hormones such as cortisol, increases the happiness hormones and improves the memory, problem solving and decision making.
Many meditations use the specific mantras in order to keep our mind focused. Transcendental Meditation uses mantras or pleasing sounds without any meaning. In this way, our mind wont be occupied with the meaning of the word or phrase because it means more activity to it. Thoughts and mind are seen as the movements, but they can lead us to the source of stillness. Then, our mind goes to a quieter and subtler states, bit by bit. At one point, it reaches the silence and we feel so much bliss, relaxation and peace. It transcends our being and awareness and reaches the unlimited awareness.
When our mind is calm and peaceful, we reach its long time forgotten state, too. We come to our true nature where peace, harmony and love always reside in. We breathe, live, dream, sleep and create consciously, effortlessly and joyously.
Brain injury compensation claims are some of the most complicated cases any lawyer can handle. This is because both medical and legal issues have to be brought to the table first before the claim can be filed. Without proper legal representation, you would be wasting lots of your time and resources, or even worse, get no compensation at all. Nonetheless, having professional and experienced brain injury compensation lawyers working on your case can be fruitful. Since finding the right attorney to hire can be intimidating for many, we have listed a few crucial factors you ought to consider when hiring a brain injury compensation attorney. These are:
1. Only look for a specialist: Only go for a solicitor who specializes in brain injury compensation claims and nothing more. While a personal injury attorney may be able to practice in other areas of law, only attorneys specializing in brain injury claims are better suited for the job. These lawyers spend much of their time studying brain injury cases and learning how best they can represent their clients in the future. An otherwise complicated case for other lawyers is, therefore, a piece of cake for these specialized professionals.
2. Experience: Experience both as a lawyer and as a professional specializing in brain injury cases is vital as well. It is through experience that a solicitor gets to know how to handle the opposing counsel, as well as understand the complicated medical elements that come with brain injury. An experienced attorney is capable of convincing the opposing counsel to settle for a much higher price/compensation than an inexperienced lawyer would. It would therefore be advisable to check how many years the lawyer has been practicing law, as well as how good he/she is with negotiations/settlements.
3. Reputation: Lawyers know each other based on the number of cases one has won. The higher the number of undefeated cases or larger settlements, the more respect he/she will command among peers. Nonetheless, reputation is more of a virtue that has to be earned and built over time. One of the main advantages of hiring reputable brain injury compensation lawyers is that they have nothing to hide or fear for, especially in their line of work.
Lawyers are notorious for digging up each other's dirt, and then using the dirt to blackmail the other into settling for petty cash. Hiring a reputable lawyer however leaves you in safe hands and assures you that, he/she will only settle for what is best for you.
4. Communication and availability: Proper communication is vital in every case. With such reputable lawyers being in high demand, making time for you can be a little tricky for them. Nonetheless, their secretaries should be able to schedule a time when you can speak with your lawyer. Some of the best lawyers in the industry create time to see their clients just to keep them in the loop. Only look for the attorney willing to create time to see you even when on a tight schedule.
Trust is also a factor that shouldnt be left out when looking for an attorney. While most lawyers are trustworthy, it would not hurt checking - just to be sure. You also need to discuss the legal fees with the prospective attorney before making the hire. This should help avoid confusion or disagreements thereafter.
There is a supplement that is growing in popularity and it is derived from a type of mushroom that Chinese medicine has implemented for thousands of years. This mushroom is called Cordyceps sinensis and it has some amazing health benefits, among them the ability to help treat diabetes.
In addition, this supplement is used to manage physical stress on the adrenal glands, restore a more regular heartbeat in those with arrhythmias and treat hepatitis. It is also a very powerful antioxidant.
This supplement is available at many health food and natural remedy shops both online and offline. It is best to talk to a doctor before taking it especially if you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. You also want to try the best formulation for this purpose. You can read many online reviews about the supplement and find which products users are taking to improve blood glucose levels.
There have been studies done which have determined that the mushroom does improve the diabetic condition. Many studies done on animals were shown to reduce their glucose levels. It should be noted that these animals were all diagnosed with diabetes.
What some researchers believe is that the mushroom also has something called vanadium. It seems that this complex is what would improve one's diabetes drastically as well as improve one's mood. The lower levels of blood sugar often cause diabetics to feel depressed. The vanadium not only raises the glucose but it seems to cure any depression, too.
In addition, the cordyceps sinensis has the ability to improve endurance. For this reason, a diabetic who takes the supplement should be able to exercise longer and work out more. This can help ease any excess weight issues that commonly accompany the disease.
If this supplement interests you be sure to ask your doctor about taking it. You do not want to discontinue taking insulin or other medications. This supplement can sometimes cause mild stomach discomfort, but in general it is well tolerated and will not interact with any other medications or supplements.
You could also take the actual mushroom as is the custom in China and Tibet. However, the plant is very rare and can be extremely expensive to purchase. Supplements are easier to take and are much more affordable.
If you prefer, there are also tincture formulations available. Some of these do contain grain alcohol. Alcohol is usually not something those with Type 2 diabetes will want to take as part of a daily regimen. Be sure to read all ingredients on the label before choosing to use the tinctures.
Search for formulas designed for Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. There are products that contain other herbs besides the cordyceps. You want to be sure to get the most pure and potent formula possible.
Also you want to be sure to maintain a good diet and exercise program even while taking it with your doctor''s approval. Take it exactly as indicated and you can enjoy better blood sugar readings and better all-around well being.
Assisted living requires that an individual is still able to think and perform the basic activities of daily living. He should be able to understand instructions and remember what is dangerous or not. Cognitive ability is crucial in following the medical regimen, the doctor's orders, and the safety instructions within the institution. Physical and medical restraints are avoided in assisted living Scottsdale communities.
Cognitive impairment that typically occurs in Alzheimer's should be thoroughly assessed by a physician. Before the families agree on having an elder stay in such a facility, they must ensure that he will not cause harm to himself and to others. Since assisted living Scottsdale facilities are not based on a medical system but on a social model, the residents or their families should still be involved in his medical care. If the families believe that the resident's condition requires professional medical care, they should transfer him to a nursing home.
The signs and symptoms of the early onset of Alzheimer's are more often overlooked. These include the simple forgetfulness that can disrupt the way a senior person performs activities of daily living. It is often the case that the condition is not diagnosed until severe signs and symptoms manifest. Left undiagnosed, this progressive disease can cause behavioral changes and disorientation in time and place. At this point, the elderly might not be admissible to an assisted living Scottsdale facility.
Assisted living regulations vary from one facility to another. Others can admit people who experience incontinence, while others do not. People with nasogastric tubes do not qualify for assisted living as well. However, those who are in wheelchairs, use canes, or with ambulatory assistive devices can be admitted to assisted living Scottsdale facilities. In case of emergency and evacuation, like in cases of fire and flooding, residents should be able to leave the premises on their own or with minimal help from the staff.
Those who exhibit behavioral problems that can cause harm to the person himself and to others are not permitted to live in assisted living Scottsdale communities. These are places that are meant for a more sociable life and that respect privacy and autonomy at the same time. They are not replacements for other special care institutions like mental institutions for psychiatric patients and nursing homes for long term medical care.
Medical history and records should be presented before being admitted to an assisted living facility. Also, a family member should review the admission and discharge policies, before making a final decision. Giving reminders and additional instructions to the staff will also ensure that the elderly resident will get the appropriate treatment.
Because you would certainly have to prepare just how you could move forward to actually obtain much healthier, another advantage of quitting smoking is that it develops your preparation abilities. Once you make a decision to quit smoking, you would certainly find out fairly a bit concerning planning coupled with remaining concentrated.
Quitting smoking needs to be rather thrilling and also supplies a feeling of success that you can value for perpetuity. Quitting smoking is a difficulty. Whether you are simply starting or are completely seasoned, there are continuous pros and also cons of quitting smoking.
You have currently classified yourself as a smart as well as thrifty type of person. Every diligent self-starter is characteristically outfitted to quit smoking.
There are indisputable benefits to quitting smoking. It is not most likely as easy as it looks. There can be specific restrictions that you possibly need to overcome, like the investment of time important to plan. You should offer yourself a duration that suits one's personal demands, and make a complete dedication. Do not planning to prepare in pieces and little bits. Devotion paired with honest initiative needs to lastly a lot better position you to obtain much healthier.
Some people obtain away from the bar scene while they intend to quit smoking. Apparently, getting away from the bar scene has numerous advantages apart from solely boosting the health and wellness of your liver as well as lowering the amount of your tab.
Is Quitting Smoking Right For You?
There are generally some important actions that you require to do Whenever you refrain from smoking cigarettes. You would have to get rid of all cigarettes, escape bench scene, as well as stay clear of people that smoke. Those 3 actions do not only aid people out with quitting smoking, they a lot more importantly bring various other fringe benefits to life. Quiting smoking cigarettes is something that has made countless individuals far and wide feel better about themselves.
This can supply you substantial understanding to set up if quitting smoking is ideal for you. Absolutely, quitting smoking requires one to be clever, thrifty as well as conscientious. When you see yourself as the kind of person with these characteristics, you would be completely ready to get much healthier.
There are also a lot more benefits of quitting smoking as well as the top one is that it might supply you a sensation of satisfaction as well as success. Quiting cigarette smoking is a life-altering activity. Quitting smoking is something that would frequently remind you of your dedication as well as supply you a sensation of fulfillment for just trying this activity.
Some individuals obtain away from the bar scene while they plan to quit smoking.
Individuals who were throwing away all cigarettes possibly identify small adjustments in their psychological well-being. Those individuals a lot more notably feel outfitted to take on even more points in life. Priming ahead of time allows you to be stronger compared with just what you were before. It permits you to handle even more compared to you possibly had before, and not run out of power as easily. This all advantages you, and it a lot more notably helps you in your day-to-day life.
A head or brain injury can have a severe effect on the quality of life. Unlike other forms of injury, head or brain injury affects the functioning of the mind, and so, it can lead to major changes in capability and lifestyle of the affected. Today, most people who suffer from injuries that are as a result of negligence by other people look for legal compensation. In addition to justice, such compensation can actually improve the life standards of the affected person by what can be the most devastating of injuries.
What Is The Impact Of Brain Injuries?
As we all know, the brain the most sophisticated, vital and fragile part of our bodies. The brain is in charge of everything that we are aware and not aware of in our bodies. A brain that is properly functioning allows us to move our limbs, keep the heart beating, feel and express various emotions and much more. When the brain gets damaged through sustained physical injuries, the effects on this fragile organ can be permanent. In most cases, the blood supply is often compromised and this can have long-term effects on the brain functionality. Also, brain injury can cause regular headaches, inability to move, loss of speech, memory and even sight.
How Compensation Helps
Most head and brain injury lawyers today offer a no win, no fee guarantee, which gives hope to people who want to make a head or brain injury claim. This means that the affected can be able to claim compensation legally without having to risk their financial security, which is usually a major casualty of a brain and head injury. Simply, the loss of income or work suffered by the injured can be easily relieved by successful compensation.
Such compensation can also have a dramatic improvement the victim's quality of life. For instance, the money can be used to access better medical care and ideally make the required adjustments to a new life.
Choosing The Right Head and Brain Injury Claims Lawyer
There are countless, all-purpose lawyers offering to represent compensation claims on all kinds of grievances and injuries such that finding the right one becomes very daunting. Television and internet advertising are ideally filled with injury and accident solicitors who promise to secure compensation for victims of unfortunate incidents. However, there are a couple of firms that specialize in head and brain injuries and these offer better hope of success. This is due to a couple of reasons:
One, lawyers specifically dealing with head and brain injury claims have access to an array of medical specialists who have vast knowledge and experience in brain treatment. The advice and opinion of these professionals will undoubtedly enhance the strength of a case, and this can mean the difference between losing and winning. Ideally, a brain injury claims lawyer can help the individual look for the best medical support available for their recovery.
As such, it is best to go for a firm that specializes in brain injury and has succeeded in helping many people who have undergone the same. This way, you will be taking a crucial step in securing yourself with the best standard of life possible.
The reduced and more difficult motion creates inflammation and pain, and creates a cycle that if left to itself, will impair one's life.
Range of motion is the term for how far a joint can move, either with voluntary movement or with passive movement, meaning movement of the joint without using muscle power to move it. the greater the range of motion in normal situations, the healthier is the joint.
If you bend onward at the hips and touch your toes with your fingertips, you have great flexibility, or range of motion of the hip joints. But can you bend over effortlessly with a very little expense of power as well as pressure? The physical effort required to flex a joint is equally as important as its variety of possible movement.
Different elements limit the versatility as well as ease of activity in various joints and muscular tissues. In the elbow as well as knee, the bony structure itself establishes a definite linitation. In various other joints, such as the ankle, hip, and also back, the soft tissue-- muscle as well as connective tissue-- restrict the movement possibilities.
Thus, if people do not regularly move their muscles as well as joints through their complete range of movement, they lose some of their potential. That is why when these people will attempt to move a joint after a long period of lack of exercise, they feel discomfort, which discourages additional use
What occurs following is that the muscle mass end up being minimized with extended disuse and also produces contractions and also pains that can be irritating as well as extremely agonizing. The immobilization of muscle mass, as researchers have actually demonstrated with laboratory animals, causes biochemical changes in the cells.
Nonetheless, various other aspects cause aching muscles. Here are several of them:
1. Too much exercise
Have you always believed on the saying, No pain, no gain? If you do, then, it is not so surprising if you have already experienced sore muscles.
The problem with most people is that they exercise too much thinking that it is the fastest and the surest way to lose weight. Until they ache, they tend to ignore their muscles and connective tissue, even though they are what quite literally holds the body together.
2. Aging and inactivity
Connective tissue binds muscle to bone by tendons, binds bone to bone by ligaments, and covers and unites muscles with sheaths called fasciae. With age, the tendons, ligaments, and fasciae become less extensible. The tendons, with their densely packed fibers, are the most difficult to stretch. The easiest are the fasciae. But if they are not stretched to improve joint mobility, the fasciae shorten, placing undue pressure on the nerve pathways in the muscle fasciae. Many aches and pains are the result of nerve impulses traveling along these pressured pathways.
Sore muscles or muscle pain can be excruciating, owing to the bodys reaction to a cramp or ache. In this reaction, called the splinting reflex, the body automatically immobilizes a sore muscle by making it contract. Thus, a sore muscle can set off a vicious cycle pain.
First, an unused muscle becomes sore from exercise or being held in an unusual position. The body then responds with the splinting reflex, shortening the connective tissue around the muscle. This cause more pain, and eventually the whole area is aching. One of the most common sites for this problem is the lower back.
4. Spasm theory
In the medical physiology laboratory at the University of Southern California, experts have set out to learn more about this cycle of pain and restriction.
Using precise medical instruments, they measured electrical activity in the muscles. The researchers knew that normal, well-relaxed muscles produce no electrical activity, whereas, muscles that are not fully relaxed show considerable activity.
In one experiment, the researchers measured these electrical signals in the muscles of persons with athletic injuries, first with the muscle immobilized, and then, after the muscle had been stretched.
In almost every case, exercises that stretched or lengthened the muscle diminished electrical activity and relieved pain, either totally or partially.
These experiments led to the spasm theory, an explanation of the development and persistence of muscle pain in the absence of any obvious cause, such as traumatic injury.
According to this theory, a muscle that is overworked or used in a strange position becomes fatigued and as a result, sore muscles.
Hence, it is extremely important to know the limitations and capacity of the muscles in order to avoid sore muscles. This goes to show that there is no truth in the saying, No pain, no gain. Just go slow at first with proper supervision, and increase your intensity slowly to avoid injury and burn-out.
DISCLAIMER: Nothing in this article is intended to be used as a substitute for advice of a physician. Do not modify your diet, exercises, or medications without first seeking the advice of a physician. Information on this site is for information purposes only. No claims have been approved by the FDA unless otherwise indicated.
You have followed the advice and done treatments that the best care Western medicine has to offer, and still you are not healthy. Maybe it is time to think differently about your health, and I mean in a big way.
The reason your are seeing declining health rather than improving health may be that the basic idea is all wrong. And nobody in the system is going to tell you to expect anything different. It is what everbody else is doing, all the doctors agree, and even the reputable websites are agreeing with it too.
You are the victim of the Sickness Care Industrial Complex.
It is called health care industry, but the players do not get paid if you are healthy. They are rewarded only if you are ill. Physicians don't get paid very much to see healthy people. Drug companies can't sell very many expensive drugs the well folks. Insurance companies can't sell expensive policies to healthy people who know how to get and stay healthy. Hospitals don't fill their beds with healthy folks.
They only get the big bucks if you are big time sick. The fact is that the vast majority of expensive illnesses like diabetes, heart disease, and even cancer are diseases that are largely preventable and strongly related to our diet and lifestyle.
In all fairness, there are some remarkable medications offered today that supply astonishing benefits to individuals needing essential life assistance. That small percentage of the populace who going through life saving operations, dealing with serious congenital diseases or battling life threatening condition or injury. Modern medications in this instance can be life savers.
Western health care suggests we simply allow headaches, migraine headaches, allergies, belly and digestive system distress, body pain, exhaustion, joint inflammation, and also hundreds of various other usual disorders. Here take a prescription, just take a couple of expensive miricale pills, and it will all go away.
Well that policy does not seem to working out very well, as chronic illness is increasing faster that the polulation.
You are up against powerful forces to keep you sick. The government gives price support to Big Agriculture to make sure we have abundance of cheap calories (without regard to nutrients). Big Ag funds food research so scientists are beholden to them. Cheap food that is stripped of the key nutrients in processing but enriched with chemicals that grab your brain so your brain refuses to tell you to stop eating. Advertising pushes unhealth foods but the latest expensive meds. Ever watch TV around dinner time? What commercials are running?
Obesity and internal inflammation feeds chronic illness, and before you know it you are dependent of daily doses of dozens of Big Pharmas products. You are trapped even before you know the trap was there.
Something has to change. You need to take charge of your own health and get out of the trap.
TRUTH: Great nutrition is essential to health and health.
DISCLAIMER: Nothing in this article is intended to be used as a substitute for advice of a physician. Do not modify your diet, exercises, or medications without first seeking the advice of a physician. Information on this site is for information purposes only. No claims have been approved by the FDA unless otherwise indicated.
Actually, from my personal experience as a
chiropractor in College Station Tx, my education as well as the outcomes of my thousands of clients, all have actually improved their wellness as well as wellness through the basics of a fresh food diet regimen reduced in processed foods of any kind of kind.
I intend to share this understanding with you so that you as well can live a life loaded with confidence, gratitude and joy.
Everybody can take advantage of healthy food and excellent quality nutritional supplementation.
Big Pharma, Big Ag, and Big Food will do all thay can to keep you sick and tired and dependent on them.
Onnit supplements are very helpful in improving oxygen supply to the brain which makes individuals think better. The supplements are very helpful in making you achieve better in tasks which will require you to use your brain. There are many people who have made use of the supplements and they have registered great results. You can check onnit supplements reviews from where you will learn the benefits associated with the supplements. The supplements have been tested and proved to be very helpful to those who will like to improve their thinking capacity. Some of the benefits of making use of the supplements include the following:
Improved learning ability
If you are involved in learning or your children are going to school, then you will be assured of great results after you buy the supplement and use them. The supplements are readily available online from where you can access them so that you will use at any given period of time. The supplements are very helpful in enhancing memory development which in return leads to great success in your learning activities.
You should have enough sleep so that your body will relax. The brain need to relax so that you will wake up when rejuvenated and accomplish different tasks in your life. You will be assured of great success after you decide to buy the supplement and use them. In order to achieve great results, you should follow all the instructions provided on how to use them. The supplements do not have side effects which you may fear. There are many people who have tried the supplements and they have been able to register great results but they are not complaining of any side effect.
Better Focus and Cognitive Ability
There are many ingredients in the supplement which are very helpful. The ingredients help in making an individual increase his or her focus. After you decide to try the supplements, you will be assured for great results in your cognitive ability. You will be assured better focus which will impact positively in activities where you will like to have great focus for you to succeed.
The supplements have been proved to promote lucid dreaming. If you were looking for a supplement which you can use to achieve lucid dreaming, then you should try the supplement. Supplement will make you sleep better as well as achieving lucid dreaming. Lucid dreaming will make you achieve great body movement and coordination when asleep which is healthy.
Occasionally feeling anxious over such things as going on a blind date, asking your boss for a raise, and taking an important exam is perfectly normal. However, if your fears and worries feel inordinately immense and are starting to affect your daily life, you may have an anxiety disorder.
There are various types of anxiety disorders and many effective forms of treatment and self-help methods. But, first, you have to figure out whether or not you are experiencing full-blown anxiety (as opposed to regular, run-of-the-mill anxiety) and understand your particular anxiety disorder. Once you've done this, you can then take the necessary steps to reducing your symptoms and living a healthy, happy life.
Know What an Anxiety Disorder Is
Anxiety is a natural response to danger that usually goes off when a person feels stressed, pressured, or threatened. It is a normal human emotion that helps people stay alert, focused, and motivated. However, when anxiety is overwhelming, crippling, and constant, it is no longer functional. This is when anxiety crosses the line from being a natural and productive human response into being an anxiety disorder.
Familiarize Yourself with the Different Types of Anxiety Disorder
Anxiety disorders are serious mental conditions. There are six major types, each with its own symptom profile. These are:
Generalized anxiety disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Social anxiety disorder
If you experience any of the following signs and symptoms, and they occur repeatedly, you may have an anxiety disorder.
Are you always worried or tense?
Are you constantly besieged by fears that you know to be irrational?
Is your anxiety interfering with your responsibilities at home and/or in the office/school?
Do you always feel like danger is lurking around every corner?
Do you feel like you have to do things in certain ways to avoid bad things happening?
Do you experience sudden bouts of heart-racing panic?
Have you begun avoiding certain situations or activities so as not to trigger your anxiety?
Signs and Symptoms of Anxiety Disorder
Because each anxiety disorder has its own distinct set of symptoms, anxiety in one person can look very different from anxiety in another person. Susan may experience severe anxiety attacks that strike without warning while Julia may suffer from constant and intrusive, though not panic-inducing, thoughts. Michael may be functioning from a perpetual state of tension while Bill may find himself unable to stop worrying about every single thing.
Nevertheless, despite their various symptom profiles, all anxiety disorders share a common major symptom: constant and severe worry or fear in situations where most people would not feel concerned at all.
On top of this, people with anxiety disorders also experience:
1. The Physical signs and symptoms
Shortness of breath
Tremors and twitches
Cold and/or sweaty hands and/or feet
2. The Emotional signs and symptoms
Having difficulty concentrating
Being on constant lookout for danger and catastrophe
A feeling that your mind is going blank
An overwhelming feeling of dread
Feeling tense or on edge
Constantly anticipating the worst
Being unable to stay calm
Being unable to stay still
Signs of an Anxiety Attack
An anxiety attack is a sudden episode of intense fear or panic. These episodes usually occur without warning. Sometimes there is an obvious trigger, e.g. cramming for a big exam, missing your flight. In other cases, the anxiety attack just blind sides you.
People who are having an anxiety attack experience several of these signs and symptoms:
Contrary to popular belief, anxiety isn't just a feeling. It is part of the human body's fight-or-flight response. As such, it involves a variety of physical symptoms. Some of these can be so severe that the person who suffers from them starts to believe that he or she has a life-threatening medical illness such as a heart disease. People who suffer from anxiety often make multiple visits to the doctor before their anxiety disorder is discovered.
When someone you know has a drinking problem, you might wonder at what point he or she would be considered an alcoholic or someone with an alcohol addiction. Precisely defining those terms can be difficult.
Stephen Gilman, MD, an addiction specialist in New York City, said that alcohol addiction is a broad term. Medically, psychiatrists look at alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence in different ways. In contrast to alcohol abuse, people with alcohol dependence experience physical withdrawal symptoms when they stop drinking. As Dr. Gilman pointed out, “Dependence includes everything that defines abuse plus physical dependence, tolerance, and withdrawal.”
Alcoholism: Understanding Abuse
Medical experts consider abuse to be the regular use of a substance that leads to serious psychological and/or physical disability. If the person demonstrates one or more of the following during the same year, he or she is considered to be a substance abuser:
Repeated substance use to the point of not being able to meet responsibilities — not performing well at work, being suspended from school, being repeatedly late or absent from required duties, or neglecting household tasks.
Repeated substance use when there is risk involved, like operating equipment or driving a car while under the influence.
Repeated difficulties with the law related to substance use — being arrested for physical aggression or drunk driving, for instance.
Insisting on using the substance regardless of continued or repeated personal or social difficulties because of it, verbal or physical aggression with a loved one, or frequent arguments about the substance use.
Alcoholism: Understanding Dependence
When heavy alcohol use leads to an actual physical need to drink, people are said to have alcohol dependence. Dependence is defined as habitual use leading to significant psychological/physical impairment demonstrated by three or more of the following within the same year:
Needing greater amounts of alcohol to satisfy cravings.
Going through withdrawal when not using alcohol, with symptoms such as tremors, restlessness, and agitation.
Taking the substance or a similar one to avoid the effects of withdrawal.
Using the substance longer than planned or more frequently and in greater amounts.
An inability to reduce use, despite a sincere wish to do so.
Spending a significant amount of time trying to acquire the substance.
Spending less time at work or on other activities because of substance use; a person may completely abandon previously enjoyable activities.
Continuing to drink despite being aware that alcohol is causing psychological or physical difficulties.
Alcoholism: Severity Differences and Signs
James Garbutt, MD, professor of psychiatry at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and a researcher at the Bowles Center for Alcohol Studies, said that a person can experience many alcohol-related problems, or just two or three, and nevertheless be considered an alcoholic. “One can drink four to five beers and meet diagnostic criteria, or drink two fifths of bourbon a day and meet the criteria.”
The more problems a person has in his daily life, the more severe the addiction. To determine the severity of alcohol addiction, Gilman said to ask yourself the following questions:
Does he frequently say inappropriate things?
Is his balance off when he walks?
Is his speech often slurred?
Is he often noticeably drunk?
Does he miss work?
Has he gotten into trouble with the law for drinking and driving?
Is he having health issues related to alcohol addiction, such as heartburn, liver problems, high blood pressure, or insomnia?
Alcoholism: Looking in the Mirror
If you suspect that you have a drinking problem, there are steps you should take right away. “The CAGE is a brief questionnaire that you can take to help determine if you have a problem with alcohol,” explained Dr. Garbutt. If the answer to two or more of the four CAGE questions is yes, it is likely you have a problem.
C stands for cut-down: Do you ever feel that you should cut down on your drinking?
A stands for annoyed: Have people annoyed you by criticizing your drinking?
G stands for guilty: Have you ever felt guilty about your drinking?
E stands for eye-opener: Have you ever had to drink as soon as you wake up to steady your nerves or get over a hangover?
Gilman also suggested adding these additional questions to the list: Is your drinking causing you problems in any area of your life? Do you use alcohol despite repeated negative consequences in your relationships, at work, and with the law? “Any negative consequences in just one area of your life, regardless of how much or how often you drink, are cause for concern and an indication that you need the help of a professional,” he explained.
If you feel like you have to drink or drink too much at a time, or even if you meet only one of the CAGE criteria, you should seek professional help. Ask your doctor to refer you to a therapist who specializes in addiction.